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Jump Rings - Open/Close

Instructions for opening and closing jump ring findings made out of jewelry wire using bent chain nose pliers jewelry tools.

Open Jump Ring Jewelry Making Finding made out of jewelry wire.Frequently when jewelry making, you will find that you need to connect two jewelry components.  One easy way to connect jewelry wire components is via an open jump ring.  A jump ring is a circle of wire.  You can an enlarged view of one jump ring at right.  The jump ring shown here is an "open" jump ring because it has an opening that will allow us to connect wire components to this jump ring.  The process for connecting items to a jump ring requires us to open the jump ring, make the connection and then close the jump ring.  Opening a jump ring must be performed in a way that will preserve the shape of the jump ring so that it can be closed and will have essentially the same shape.  In the following paragraphs we describe how to open and close a jump ring. 

Opening a jump ring can be performed with one pair of chain nose pliers and some strong fingernails, or it can be performed with two pair of chain nose pliers.  In the pictures below we will show how to connect a wire component to a jump ring with two pair of chain nose pliers.  The first step in connecting a wire component to a jump ring is to grip the jump ring with both pair of pliers.  Grip the jump ring with the pliers on either side of the opening of the jump ring.  See below-left.  To open the ring, twist one pair of the pliers up and the second pair of pliers down.  See below, center-left.  With the jump ring opened, connect your wire component as shown below, center-right.  Once the connection is made then re-grip the jump ring as shown below-right. 


Opening a jewlery wire jump ring using common jewelry tools showing gripping jump ring.
Opening a jewlery wire jump ring using common jewelry tools showing twisting the  jump ring.


Opening a jewlery wire jump ring using common jewelry tools showing connecting  jump ring.
Opening a jewlery wire jump ring using common jewelry tools showing re-gripping jump ring to close.
Grip Twist to Open Connect Re-Grip

Close the jump ring by twisting the pliers in the opposite direction that you used to open the jump ring.  To make the closed jump ring as perfect as possible, grip the jump ring in the jaws of your bent closing pliers.  Position the opening in the jump rings against one jaw of the pliers as shown below-center, then squeeze gently to ensure that the jump ring is closed properly.  Many people like to squeeze the jump ring enough so that it is slightly oblong and no longer perfectly round.  An oblong jump ring, with the opening of the jump ring on the short axis of the oval shape will naturally cause the jump ring to orientate itself so that the connected wire components will align themselves on the long axis and will therefore not pull against the opening of the jump ring.  You can view an oblong jump ring below-right. 

Closing a jewlery wire jump ring using common jewelry tools showing twisting  jump ring to close. Closing jump ring using common jewelry tools showing squeezing the jump ring.

Closed jump rings connected on to another.
Twist to Close Squeeze to Finish Connected Components

Closing a loop with Bent Closing Pliers Jewelry Making ToolThe tool that was used above to help in closing the jump ring is called bent closing pliers.  These pliers have grooves or notches carved in the jaws of the pliers to help hold the wire firmly without allowing it to slip.  You can view our recommended bent closing pliers.  Bent closing pliers are not a mandatory tool, but you will find that almost every professional jewelry maker will have at least one pair.  Select here to for instructions on closing gaps in loops. 

 

Figure 8 Connector made out of jewelry wire using common jewelry tools.

Summary of jewelry making instructions:

Please note that this same approach will apply to any open loop, whether it is on a jump ring, or the beginning or ending loop in a wire component made on one of our WigJig tools, or to a loop in a figure 8 connector or alternate figure 8 connector.  For beginners who may not be familiar with a figure 8 connector, you can view one at right.

Finally, you can view free instructions for making an open jump ring out of jewelry wire here. You can also view instructions for making a figure 8 connector out of jewelry wire here.

 

 

 



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